Download A Companion to the Roman Republic (Blackwell Companions to by Nathan Rosenstein, Robert Morstein-Marx PDF

By Nathan Rosenstein, Robert Morstein-Marx

This spouse presents an authoritative and up to date evaluate of Roman Republican heritage because it is at the moment practiced.

Highlights fresh advancements, together with archaeological discoveries, clean techniques to textual assets, and the hole up of latest components of old study.
Retains the drama of the Republic’s upward thrust and fall.
Emphasizes not only the proof of texts and actual is still, but additionally the types and assumptions that students convey to those artefacts.
Looks on the function performed through the actual geography and atmosphere of Italy.
Offers a compact yet targeted narrative of army and political advancements from the delivery of the Roman Republic via to the dying of Julius Caesar.
Discusses present controversies within the box.

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Extra resources for A Companion to the Roman Republic (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World)

Sample text

Translations of Chapter 1 by Benjamin Wolkow and of Chapters 19 and 29 by Robert Martz served as the basis for the final versions, and Denice Fett ably shouldered much of the enormous burden of compiling the bibliography. Mark Pobjoy assisted us enormously by correcting a number of potentially confusing slips in the bibliography. Finally, and most importantly, we would like to thank our families, Sara, Eric, and Matthew, Anne and Zoe¨, for their understanding and support through this project which consumed so much of our time and attention.

Millar’s objection that it was not a hereditary aristocracy is not especially consequential,74 since on the one hand this is evident and undisputed, but on the other, the conception of aristocracy as a prominent and privileged group is not in fact tied to formal heritability. But above all the element of achievement, which is often seen as a central distinction between the modern meritocracy and the class-based concept of aristocracy, is of course not in itself a decisive criterion, since at the root of every aristocracy lies a claim to achievement, as the name ‘‘rule of the best’’ itself shows, except that one did not give evidence of one’s capacity for achievement as one does today – by such feeble means as grades on examinations at the top universities for aspiring leaders in the economic realm, or among scientists, by the size of their grants, and so on – but by one’s ancestry and the accomplishments of one’s ancestors.

Building on this premise, in the second part of his work Gelzer identified relationships based on personal ties and reciprocal obligation as a defining element of politics and of the pursuit and exercise of power. Gelzer was Swiss, and his experience with the political conditions of small communities certainly helped him to develop a new perspective, as did also his outsider’s stance with regard to the thought of the great Mommsen, a perspective he could more easily adopt than his German colleagues.

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