By Thomas Janoski
This guide offers the 1st entire survey of the colourful box of political sociology. half I explores the theories of political sociology. half II specializes in formation, transitions, and regime constitution of the kingdom. half III takes up quite a few points of the kingdom that reply to pressures from civil society.
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Additional info for A handbook of political sociology : states, civil societies, and globalization
10 Social Democratic agricultural platforms offering subsidies and supports for cooperative arrangements often appealed to agricultural small holders. Communist platforms aimed at public agricultural collectivization often made sense to agricultural laborers. However, in countries where they were strong, Communist plans for collectivization were so anathema to small holders that they tended to drive small holders and, with them, much of the rural population straight into the arms of National Socialist and Fascist parties brandishing appeals to the property rights and economic security of farm proprietors.
The second major challenge, rational choice theory, presents a view of politics that is nearly the opposite of the culturally centered one. Despite some allowance for culture in the articulation of options and interest, which is a view virtually dominated by the decision making of instrumentally (and sometimes strategically) oriented egoists. The more economic variety of rational choice emphasizes preferences and, in game-playing situations, strategies that mainly concern material outcomes, whereas the political science versions tend to direct more attention to institutions and consider more diverse goals (such as status or secure incumbency in office).
The turn may then direct political investigators to historically specific and historically unfolding cultural aspects of social reality. This leads toward a greater historicization of political sociological theory and method. At the same time, such awareness does not eclipse earlier concentrations on social structure and utilitarian action. Nor does it eliminate the need for generalizing theory and explanation. The Second Challenge – Rational Choice Theory The commitment to rational choice theory, currently evident in as much as, say, 40 percent of political science writing, presents a strong challenge to political sociology.