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By Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid Marsot

Автор - профессор истории Ближнего и Среднего Востока Калифорнийского Университета - в своей книге даёт краткий курс истории Египта - от завоевания государства арабами, через эпоху мамлюков, объединение Египта в Османской империи, либеральные эксперименты в конституционном правительстве в начале двадцатого столетия, продолжившиеся в годы Насера и Садата, до настоящего времени, характеризующегося появлением новых политических партий, укреплением исламского фундаментализма и постепенного изменения отношения к женщинам.Образцы сканов:

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Extra info for A History of Egypt: From the Arab Conquest to the Present

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16 a history of egypt prophet’s daughter. Public works on mosque and palace supplied employment to artisans and artists and alleviated the straitened conditions of the city. The population of Egypt accepted without protest the rule of a Shii, even though they were Sunni, for his rule brought plenty and security. Moreover the Fatimis did not try to impose their beliefs on the population. Soon the holy cities, Mecca and Medina, accepted the suzerainty of Muizz, as did northern Syria and, after a series of battles, the rest of Syria.

Historians have given us accounts of the lavish manner in which the palaces were furnished. This was an era of artistic flowering, the high Middle Ages, and one of wealth as a consequence of expanding international trade with the East and with Europe, as well as good government. Muizz had brought with him a great fleet. Soon Egyptian harbours were expanded; a dock was built at Maks – later replaced by Bulaq when alluvium from the Nile widened the distance between Maks and the river – as the northern river port of Cairo.

The anomaly of a Shii ruler, ruling through a Sunni vizier, who was also lieutenant to a Sunni ruler, was not lost on Saladin, a fervent Sunni, who determined to bring the Fatimi dynasty to an end. In the meantime prayers on Friday were recited in the names of both the Fatimi caliph and the Syrian ruler. The mention of the name of the ruler during the Friday prayers is one of the signs of kingship in Muslim lands. Saladin’s reputation among the Egyptians was enhanced by a series of skirmishes with Crusaders which ended in victory.

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