Download A History of Medicine by Lois N. Magner PDF

By Lois N. Magner

Stressing significant issues within the historical past of medication, this moment variation stimulates additional exploration of the occasions, methodologies, and theories that formed clinical practices in many years previous and in smooth scientific practice-highlighting the practices of civilizations all over the world, in addition to the examine of pioneering scientists and physicians who contributed to our present realizing of future health and ailment.

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Today, Hammurabi (fl. ), Babylonia’s most famous king, is of more interest for the code of laws bearing his name than for his military and political triumphs. Hammurabi founded the Babylonian empire that unified and ruled southern Mesopotamia (Sumer and Akkad) for almost two centuries. , the last of the Babylonian kings surrendered to the Persian ruler Cyrus the Great and Babylonia became part of the Persian Empire. Toward 30 A History of Medicine the end of his reign, Hammurabi commissioned the creation of a great stele portraying the king receiving the insignia of kingship and justice from the gods.

In excavating the remains of ancient Mesopotamian cities, archaeologists continue to unearth thousands of cuneiform tablets. Most refer to mundane business transactions and political matters, but as new texts are painstakingly deciphered our picture of Mesopotamian civilizations may well undergo profound changes. 32 A History of Medicine EGYPT Egyptian civilization has fascinated travelers and scholars since Herodotus initiated the tradition of Nile travelogues. To Greeks and Romans, Egypt was an ancient and exotic land, with peculiar customs, especially in terms of gender roles.

Provided evidence for what is probably the earliest known case of alkaptonuria, a metabolic disease due to the absence of an enzyme needed to break down the amino acids phenylalanine and tyrosine. The first lessons learned from modern autopsies and X-ray studies of mummies concerned the health hazards associated with the life-giving Nile. The fertile soil and irrigation ditches fed by the Nile River harbored hordes of parasitic worms. Calcified eggs found in mummies reflect the prevalence of schistosomiasis (bilharzia or snail fever) in ancient Egypt.

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