By Stephen W. Krauss
The Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex (CRC) version of non secular orientation is brought and the implications from a chain of version trying out experiments are reviewed. The CRC version was once constructed via a chain of experiences within the usa and Romania and used to be created for you to lessen the theoretical and empirical problems linked to the conventional Allportian non secular orientation types and measures. towards this finish, the problems linked to the Allportian spiritual orientation types are reviewed, besides how the CRC version makes an attempt to deal with them. subsequent, the CRC version is brought and an inventory of its predictions are given and in comparison to these of the Allportian versions. the result of 10 version trying out experiences utilizing multidimensional scaling are then reviewed. In those reports, the CRC version, which posits that every one spiritual orientation should be situated alongside dimensions of dedication (importance) and reflectivity (complexity), is located to be extra actual than the Allportian types in either the U.S. and Romania. in line with those stories, the that means and interpretation of the Allportian measures are reviewed and new interpretations are steered. finally, the relationships among non secular orientation, psychological future health, character, ideology, and prejudice are explored. In each sector, the CRC version, and the measures according to it, exhibit better predictive skills to standard methods in either the U.S. and Romania.
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Extra info for A New Approach to Religious Orientation: The Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex
However, Batson and Schoenrade (1991a, 1991b) improved the psychometrics of the scale and attempted to refute many of the earlier criticisms of the scale and the construct. The validity of the Q scale will be further examined in later chapters, though it appears that the Quest scale is measuring something in between what his critics suggest (agnosticism and religious conflict) and what Batson himself proposes (religious complexity and maturity). In short, the interpretation of all the Allportian religious orientation scales suffer from some degree of ambiguity as to what they are measuring.
Thus, the leading measures of religious orientation are all Allportian, and all of them come from the three previously discussed approaches to the study of religious orientation. As such, the leading measures of religious orientation are primarily designed to examine motivation and cognitive style, and are not intended to measure what people believe (content). Religious orientation measures that are based on content (such as Altemeyer, 1996; Fullerton & Hunsberger, 1982; Huetebaut, 1996) will be discussed in Chapter 5.
These low levels of reliability suggest that the correlations between religious orientation measures and other variables of interest may be unnecessarily low and unstable. Response Sets Another issue facing the measurement of religious orientation is the issue of response sets. The issue of response sets arises because people have a tendency to agree with items, regardless of their true beliefs. , in either a pro-trait or a con-trait manner) tend to correlate positively with each other. To control for this, scales need to contain equal numbers of pro-trait and con-trait items.