By Manuel De Landa
Manuel DeLanda is a wonderful author, artist and thinker.
In his new e-book, he deals a desirable examine how the modern international is characterised through a rare social complexity. seeing that so much social entities, from small groups to giant geographical regions, might disappear altogether if human minds ceased to exist, Delanda proposes a unique method of social ontology that says the autonomy of social entities from the conceptions we've got of them.
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Additional resources for A New Philosophy of Society: Assemblage Theory and Social Complexity
25 2 Assemblages against Essences Essentialism is the main reason offered by many social scientists to justify their rejection of realism. Postulating social entities with an enduring and mind-independent identity, these critics would argue, implies the existence of essences defining that identity. But what exactly are these essences supposed to be? While very few realists today would feel ontologically committed to assert the existence of eternal archetypes, there are subtler forms of essentialism in which essences are introduced when taxonomists reify the general categories produced by their classifications.
In assemblage theory persons always exist as part of populations within which they constantly interact with one another. But more importantly, while the identity of those persons is taken for granted in microeconomics, in assemblage theory it must be shown to emerge from the interaction between subpersonal components. Just what these components are I will specify in the next 32 ASSEMBLAGES AGAINST ESSENCES chapter, but for now it is enough to point out that they exist and that, if need be, they may be considered the smallest social scale.
In the biological and social sciences, on the other hand, we do not yet have the appropriate formal tools to investigate the structure of their much more complex possibility spaces. But we may venture the hypothesis that they will also be defined as phase spaces with a much more complex distribution of topological invariants (attractors). We may refer to these topological invariants as universal singularities because they are singular or special topological features that are shared by many different systems.