Download Advances in Research and Applications by Frederick Seitz and David Turnbull (Eds.) PDF

By Frederick Seitz and David Turnbull (Eds.)

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It appeared that they had learnt to recognise themselves in the minor. Then, a&er they had ten, days of exposure to the mkor, GaUup anaescfietised each chimpanzee and, when it was unconscious, applied a spot of red dye to the forehead and rip of one ear. The chimpanzee was remmed to its cage without the mirror being present. Four hours later, by which time Gallup claimed they had recovered AWMENESS OF SELF AMD OTHERS Fig. 2 A chimpanzee recognises her image in a mirror and examines parts of her body that cannot be sesn directfy S~urce: Adapted from Pcrvinelli and Preuss, 1995.

However, it would have been preferable to allow the ckmpanzees to recover until at least the scorhg theh behaviour with and witbout rhe lheljcs can have very long-lasring effectf and result in quite unexpected behaviows, In response to Heyeshcriricism of these experhental AWliKENESS 0 1 1 ;SEW AND OTHERS m e ~ o d s , an experiment was condwted in wlnich one chimpanzee had a spot of red dye placed on her right eyebrow and ano&er placed on her left ear. The amount of touching of borh eyes and ears, mrked and umarked, was scored.

It might have screamed in fmsmtisn and the outcome may have been fornitas. The researchers did say that the same individual was observed to use t h i s tacde three h e s in several weeks, which might suggest intentionally but does not prove it. 'There are many morc: examples in the scien~ficliterature and more are sure to be added now that deception has become a much discussed topic. My opinion is that we do not yet have sufficient evidence that would prove that any of these acts are imeacionaf deceplion based an cognilion.

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