Download An Equal Start?: Providing Quality Early Education and Care by Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart, Jane Waldfogel PDF

By Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart, Jane Waldfogel

Early adolescence schooling and care has turn into a crucial coverage challenge in lots of international locations, and as companies extend it will be important to envision no matter if young ones from deprived backgrounds obtain equitable prone. In An equivalent Start? specialists from 8 countries—the usa, the uk, Norway, France, the Netherlands, Germany, New Zealand, and Australia—examine how early schooling and care is equipped, funded, and controlled of their respective nations. they provide updated photographs of the entry to providers, delivering wealthy insights into how regulations play out in perform and the results at the provision of companies to deprived young children. jointly they demonstrate a few universal tensions and complexities that many nations face in making sure that early schooling and care is reasonable, available, and of the top attainable quality.

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Additional info for An Equal Start?: Providing Quality Early Education and Care for Disadvantaged Children

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Dhuey, E. (2011) ‘Who benefits from kindergarten? Evidence from the introduction of state subsidization’, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, vol 33, no 1, pp 3–22. Dumas, C. and Lefranc, A. (2012) ‘Early schooling and later outcomes’, in J. Ermisch, M. Jantti and T. Smeeding (eds) From Parents to Children: the Intergenerational Transmission of Advantage, New York: Russel Sage Foundation, pp 164-88. Felfe, C. and Lalive, R. , Mimeo, University of St Gallen. Figlio, D. and Roth, J. (2009) ‘The behavioral consequences of prekindergarten participation for disadvantaged youth’, in J.

While the situation in the UK is challenging, the authors do offer some suggestions for improvements, including expanding maintained nursery classes to deliver the entitlement (including for two-yearolds), raising and equalising qualification levels across all settings, and extending supply-side subsidies to cover younger children, to make care affordable for parents. The Norwegian case, as described by Anne Lise Ellingsæter, provides an interesting contrast to the UK. Universal access to ‘kindergarten’ is legislated as a social right for children aged one to six, and indeed the great majority of children in this age group – 90% – are enrolled.

And, as in Australia, significant disparities in enrolment are evident, with low-income children and children of immigrants less likely than their peers to be enrolled, and less likely to be in formal school or centre-based care. Low-income children also attend care of lower average quality than that attended by higher-income children. The 20 Introduction authors discuss current policy initiatives to reduce disparities, including efforts to expand and improve the federal Head Start programme for low-income children, federal and state quality improvement efforts, and state and local expansions of prekindergarten programmes serving three- and four-year-olds.

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