By James Henry Breasted
Round the flip of the final century, James Breasted took at the problem of assembling all of the on hand historic records of historic Egypt and translating them into English. This prodigious venture concerned touring to the monuments extant within the Nile valley and in outlying parts of Egyptian conquest, in addition to to museums all through Europe the place Egyptian relics have been housed. Breasted made his personal copies of 1000s of Egyptian documents inscribed on papyrus or leather-based or carved in stone and engaged in an intensive research of the printed documents of Egyptian background together with his personal transcription of the files themselves. This five-volume compendium is the outcome.
Breasted's huge paintings, initially released from 1906 to 1907, encompasses twenty-six dynasties spanning greater than 3 millennia: from ca. 3050 B.C. to 525 B.C. for every rfile, Breasted presents info at the situation, , historic importance, and content material. starting with the earliest recognized legit annals of Egypt, the Palermo Stone, Breasted catalogs the realm's authentic actions, together with royal succession, temple building, estate distribution, and international conquest. He tracks the careers of ratings of kings, queens, executive officers, army leaders, robust statesmen, and influential courtiers, reproducing their autobiographies, letters of fashion, paeans, mortuary presents, and tomb inscriptions. basically annotated for the lay reader, the records supply copious proof of exchange relatives, building actions, diplomatic envoys, international expeditions, and different elements of a full of life, hugely geared up and centrally managed society.
Breasted's remark is either carefully documented and available, suffused with a contagious fascination for the occasions, the personalities, the cultural practices, and the sophistication those documents point out. A herculean assemblage of basic records, lots of that have deteriorated to illegibility within the intervening century, old files of Egypt illuminates either the extraordinary complexity of Egyptian society and the virtually insuperable problems of reconstructing a misplaced civilization.
This first paperback version of historic files of Egypt includes a new creation and up-to-date bibliography by means of Peter A. Piccione. environment Breasted's paintings within the context of the advance of yank Egyptology, Piccione discusses Breasted's institution of the Oriental Institute of the college of Chicago, with company aid through John D. Rockefeller and different benefactors, and surveys the formidable physique of guides with which Breasted laid the basis for destiny Egyptian reviews.
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Extra resources for Ancient Records of Egypt: The First Through the Seventeenth Dynasties
The Records of the Royal Tomb-Robberies . I. Papyrus Abbott . . . . I1. Papyrus Amherst . . . . I11. Turin Fragment . . . . IV . Mayer Papyri . . . . Reign of Ramses XI1 . . . . The Report of Wenamon . . . . Records of the Restoration of the Royal Mummies . Letter to the Viceroy of Kush . . . Building Inscriptions in the Temple of Khonsu . . . THETWENTY-FIRST DYNASTY. The Twenty-First Dynasty . . . . Reign of Ilrihor . Inscriptions of the Temple of Khonsu . Reign of Nesubenebded .
Inscription . . XI1. Ramses I17sTemple at Abydos . XI11. Memphis Temples . . . . . . I . Great Abydos Inscription (1. 22) . . 2 . Blessing of Ptah (11. 32, 35) XIV . City of Tanis (Blessing of Ptah (11. 16-18) . . . . . Stela of the Year 400 . . . . Royal Jubilee Inscriptions . . I. First Gebel Silsileh Inscription . . . . I1. Bigeh Inscription . I11. Second Gebel Silsileh Inscription . . . . IV . Third Gebel Silsileh Inscription . . V. Fourth Gebel Silsileh Inscription .
These men, who were guiding Egypt on her imperial career, delighted to perpetuate in their tombs some record of the brilliant part which they were playing in these great events. The generals and administrative officials who under the Pharaoh governed the Empire, now sleep in rock-hewn tombs at Thebes, the chambers of which still bear magnificently painted scenes from their active and adventurous lives. Here we behold the reception of tribute, from the remotest limits of the Empire, borne on the shoulders of Palestinians, Syrians, or northern islanders, the whole being accompanied by explanatory inscriptions.